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Test ID: SLC1V Solute Carrier Organic Anion Transporter Family Member 1B1 (SLCO1B1) Genotype, Statin

Specimen Required

Multiple genotype tests can be performed on a single specimen after a single extraction. See Multiple Genotype Test List in Special Instructions for a list of tests that can be ordered together.


Submit only 1 of the following specimens:


Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated


Specimen Type: Saliva

Patient Preparation: Patient should not eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum 30 minutes prior to collection.

Supplies: DNA Saliva Collection Kit (T786)

Container/Tube: Saliva Swab Collection Kit (T786: fees apply)

Specimen Volume: 1 swab

Collection Instructions: Collect and send specimen per kit instructions.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient


Specimen Type: DNA

Container/Tube: 2 mL screw top tube

Specimen Volume: 100 mcL (microliters)

Collection Instructions:

1. The preferred volume is 100 mcL at a concentration of 50 ng/mcL.

2. Include concentration and volume on tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Frozen (preferred)/Ambient/Refrigerated


1. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Please document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. An Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576) is available in Special Instructions.

2. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Pharmacogenomics Test Request Form (T797) with the specimen (

Useful For

Predicting risk for statin-associated myopathy in patients beginning statin therapy, especially simvastatin therapy


Determining a potential statin lipid lowering response, especially when using pravastatin

Method Name

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with Allelic Discrimination Analysis

Reporting Name

SLCO1B1 Genotype

Specimen Type


Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 0.4 mL
Saliva: 1 swab

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Varies

Clinical Information

The most common adverse drug reaction associated with statins is skeletal muscle toxicity, which can include myalgia (with and without elevated creatine kinase levels), muscle weakness, muscle cramps, myositis, and rhabdomyolysis.(1) Rhabdomyolysis, while rare, is of clinical concern because of the risk for death as a result of cardiac arrhythmia, renal failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. While the underlying causes of statin-associated myopathy are not known, several hypotheses have been formulated, including those related to the biochemical pathway of cholesterol synthesis inhibition and statin metabolism.


SLCO1B1 encodes the organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) influx transporter located on the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes. OATP1B1 facilitates the hepatic uptake of statins as well as other endogenous compounds (eg, bilirubin). Changes in the activity of this transporter (eg, through genetic variations or drug-drug interactions) can increase the severity of statin-associated myopathy (ie, statin intolerance).(2)



SLCO1B1 rs4149056 (c.521T->C:  p.V174A), which is found in *5, *15, and *17, interferes with localization of the transporter to the plasma membrane, and can lead to increased systemic statin concentrations.(3,4) All statins are substrates of OATP1B1, but the association of SLCO1B1 c.521T->C with statin intolerance varies depending on statin and dose, and is most pronounced with higher doses of simvastatin therapy. A case-control study of simvastatin-induced myopathy observed an odds ratio (OR) for myopathy of 4.5 for *5 heterozygotes and 16.9 for *5 homozygotes (compared to individuals who did not carry *5) among patients receiving high-dose (80 mg/day) simvastatin therapy.(4) A dose relationship was also demonstrated in a replication cohort of patients taking 40 mg/day simvastatin with a relative risk of 2.6 per copy of the *5 allele. While the SLCO1B1 c.521T->C genotype has also been shown to affect systemic exposure of other statins (eg, atorvastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin) in addition to simvastatin,(3) there is less evidence demonstrating a clinical association between the SLCO1B1 genotype and myopathy with statins other than simvastatin.(2)


SLCO1B1 rs4149015 (c.-910G->A) , which is found in *17 and *21, is associated with increased pravastatin blood levels and a reduced lipid lowering effect, but has not been associated with statin-induced myopathy or rhabdomyolysis. 


Frequency of the SLCO1B1 alleles varies across different racial and ethnic groups.

Reference Values

An interpretive report will be provided.


An interpretive report will be provided.


For additional information regarding pharmacogenomic genes and their associated drugs, see Pharmacogenomic Associations Tables in Special Instructions. This resource also includes information regarding enzyme inhibitors and inducers, as well as potential alternate drug choices.

Clinical Reference

1. Wilke RA, Lin DW, Roden DM, et al: Identifying genetic risk factors for serious adverse drug reactions: current progress and challenges. Nat Rev Drug Discov 2007;6(11):904-916

2. Ramsey LB, Johnson SG, Caudle KE, et al: The clinical pharmacogenetics implementation consortium guideline for SLCO1B1 and simvastatin-induced myopathy: 2014 update. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2014 Oct;96(4):423-428

3. Niemi M: Transporter pharmacogenetics and statin toxicity. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2012;87:130-133

4. Link E, Parish S, Armitage J, et al: SLCO1B1 variants and statin-induced myopathy-a genomewide study. N Engl J Med 2008 Aug 21;359(8):789-799

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 8 a.m.

Analytic Time

3 days (Not reported on Saturday or Sunday)

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

81328- Unlisted molecular pathology procedure

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
SLC1V SLCO1B1 Genotype In Process


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
BA0138 SLCO1B1 Genotype In Process
BA0139 SLCO1B1 Phenotype 79722-5
BA0140 Interpretation 69047-9
BA0141 Additional Information 48767-8
BA0205 Method 49549-9
BA0206 Disclaimer 62364-5
BA0142 Reviewed by In Process
Mayo Medical Laboratories | Genetics and Pharmacogenomics Catalog Additional Information: