Sign in →

Test ID: MP3DZ Mucopolysaccharidosis IIID, Full Gene Analysis

Useful For

Identifying mutations within the GNS gene

 

Confirmation of a diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID

 

Carrier testing when there is a family history of mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID, but disease-causing mutations have not been previously identified

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
CULFB Fibroblast Culture for Genetic Test Yes No

Testing Algorithm

If skin biopsy is received, fibroblast culture for genetic test will be added and charged separately.

Method Name

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Amplification/DNA Sequencing

Reporting Name

MPS IIID, Full Gene Analysis

Specimen Type

Varies


Shipping Instructions


Specimen preferred to arrive within 96 hours of draw.



Specimen Required


Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call Mayo Medical Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Preferred:

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Any anticoagulant

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated

 

Specimen Type: Cultured fibroblasts

Container/Tube: T-75 or T-25 flask

Specimen Volume: 1 Full T-75 flask or 2 full T-25 flasks

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated <24 hours

 

Specimen Type: Skin biopsy

Container/Tube: Sterile container with any standard cell culture media (eg, minimal essential media, RPMI 1640). The solution should be supplemented with 1% penicillin and streptomycin. Tubes can be supplied upon request (Eagle's minimum essential medium with 1% penicillin and streptomycin [T115]).

Specimen Volume: 4-mm punch

Specimen Stability Information: Refrigerated (preferred)/Ambient

 

Acceptable:

Specimen Type: Blood spot

Container/Tube: Whatman Protein Saver 903 Paper

Specimen Volume: 5 blood spots

Collection Instructions:

1. Let blood dry on the filter paper at ambient temperature in a horizontal position for 3 hours.

2. Do not expose specimen to heat or direct sunlight.

3. Do not stack wet specimens.

4. Keep specimen dry.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated


Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 1 mL
Blood Spots: 3

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Varies

Clinical Information

Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS-III), also known as Sanfilippo syndrome, is an autosomal recessive condition that consists of 4 different types (A, B, C, and D). Each type of MPS-III results from the absence of 1 of 4 lysosomal enzymes, which leads to the lysosomal accumulation of heparan sulfate. Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID (MPS-IIID), or Sanfilippo syndrome D, is caused by mutations in the GNS gene and is characterized by reduced or absent activity of the N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase enzyme. This test screens for mutations in all 14 exons of the GNS gene.

 

Sanfilippo syndrome is characterized by severe central nervous system (CNS) degeneration with only mild physical disease. Onset of clinical features, most commonly behavioral problems and delayed development, usually occurs between 2 and 6 years in a child who previously appeared normal. Severe neurologic degeneration occurs in most patients by 6 to 10 years, accompanied by a rapid deterioration of social and adaptive skills. Death generally occurs by the 20s.

Reference Values

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation

All detected alterations will be evaluated according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommendations.(1) Variants will be classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance.

Clinical Reference

1. Richards S, Aziz N, Bale S, et al: Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genet Med 2015 May;17(5):405-424

2. Jansen AC, Cao H, Kaplan P, et al: Sanfilippo syndrome type D: natural history and identification of 3 novel mutations in the GNS Gene. Arch Neurol 2007;64(11):1629-1634

3. Valstar MJ, Ruijter GJ, van Diggelen OP, et al: Sanfilippo syndrome: a mini-review. J Inherit Metab Dis 2008;31(2):240-252

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Performed weekly, Varies

Analytic Time

14 days

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

81479-Unlisted molecular pathology procedure code

 

Fibroblast Culture for Genetic Test

88233-Tissue culture, skin or solid tissue biopsy (if appropriate)

88240-Cryopreservation (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
MP3DZ MPS IIID, Full Gene Analysis In Process

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
52566 Result Summary 50397-9
52567 Result In Process
52568 Interpretation In Process
52569 Additional Information 48767-8
52570 Specimen 31208-2
52571 Source 31208-2
52572 Released By No LOINC Needed

Forms

1. Molecular Genetics: Biochemical Disorders Patient Information (T527) in Special Instructions

2. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Please document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. An Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576) is available in Special Instructions.

Mayo Medical Laboratories | Genetics and Pharmacogenomics Catalog Additional Information:

mml-inherited-molecular