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Test ID: CPT2Z Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase II Deficiency, Full Gene Analysis

Useful For

Confirmation of diagnosis of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency

 

Carrier screening in cases where there is a family history of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency, but disease-causing mutations have not been identified in an affected individual

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
CULFB Fibroblast Culture for Genetic Test Yes No

Testing Algorithm

If skin biopsy is received, fibroblast culture will be added and charged separately.

Method Name

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Followed by DNA Sequence Analysis

Reporting Name

CPT2 Gene, Full Gene Analysis

Specimen Type

Varies


Shipping Instructions


Specimen preferred to arrive within 96 hours of draw.



Specimen Required


Patient Preparation: A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call Mayo Medical Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

 

Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Preferred:

Specimen Type: Whole blood

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA) or yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Any anticoagulant

Specimen Volume: 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Invert several times to mix blood.

2. Send specimen in original tube.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated

 

Acceptable:

Specimen Type: Cultured fibroblasts

Container/Tube: T-75 or T-25 flask

Specimen Volume: 1 Full T-75 flask or 2 full T-25 flasks

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated <24 hours

 

Specimen Type: Skin biopsy

Supplies: Fibroblast Biopsy Transport Media (T115)

Container/Tube: Sterile container with any standard cell culture media (eg, minimal essential media, RPMI 1640). The solution should be supplemented with 1% penicillin and streptomycin. Tubes can be supplied upon request (Eagle's minimum essential medium with 1% penicillin and streptomycin, T115).

Specimen Volume: 4-mm punch

Specimen Stability Information: Refrigerated (preferred)/Ambient

 

Specimen Type: Blood spot

Supplies: Card - Blood Spot Collection (Filter Paper) (T493)

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Collection card (Whatman Protein Saver 903 Paper)

Acceptable: Ahlstrom 226 filter paper, or Blood Spot Collection Card (T493)

Specimen Volume: 2 to 5 Blood spots on collection card (Whatman Protein Saver 903 Paper; Ahlstrom 226 filter paper; or Blood Spot Collection Card, T493)

Collection Instructions:

1. An alternative blood collection option for a patient >1 year of age is finger stick.

2. Let blood dry on the filter paper at ambient temperature in a horizontal position for 3 hours.

3. Do not expose specimen to heat or direct sunlight.

4. Do not stack wet specimens.

5. Keep specimen dry.

Specimen Stability Information: Ambient (preferred)/Refrigerated

Additional Information:

1. For collection instructions in Spanish, see Blood Spot Collection Card-Spanish Instructions (T777) in Special Instructions.

2. For collection instructions in Chinese, see Blood Spot Collection Card-Chinese Instructions (T800) in Special Instructions.


Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 1 mL
Blood Spots: 5 punches-3 mm diameter

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Varies

Clinical Information

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of long-chain fatty-acid oxidation. There are 3 distinct clinical phenotypes: a lethal neonatal form, an early-onset infantile form, and a late-onset adult myopathic form. The lethal neonatal and early-onset infantile forms are characterized by liver failure, cardiomyopathy, seizures, hypoketotic hypoglycemia, peripheral myopathy and early death. The adult-onset myopathic form is the most common type and is characterized by exercise-induced muscle pain and weakness and may be associated with myoglobinuria. Males are more likely to be affected with the myopathic form than females.

 

Initial screening can be done with plasma acylcarnitines. Definitive diagnosis can be made by detection of reduced CPT enzyme activity. Mutations in the CPT2 gene are responsible for CPT II deficiency and sequencing of this gene is recommended after positive biochemical analysis.

Reference Values

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation

All detected alterations are evaluated according to American College of Medical Genetics recommendations.(1) Variants are classified based on known, predicted, or possible pathogenicity and reported with interpretive comments detailing their potential or known significance.

Clinical Reference

1. Richards S, Aziz N, Bale S, et al: Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Genet Med 2015 May;17(5):405-424

2. Bonnefont JP, Djouadi F, Prip-Buus C, et al: Carnitine palmitoyltransferases 1 and 2: biochemical, molecular and medical aspects. Mol Aspects Med 2004 Oct-Dec;25(5-6):495-520

3. Siguake E, Rakheja D, Kitson K, Bennet M: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency: a clinical, biochemical, and molecular review. Lab Invest 2003 Nov;83(11):1543-1554

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Performed weekly, Varies

Analytic Time

14 days

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

81404-CPT2 (carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2) (eg, carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency), full gene sequence

 

Fibroblast Culture for Genetic Test

88233-Tissue culture, skin or solid tissue biopsy (if appropriate)

88240-Cryopreservation (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CPT2Z CPT2 Gene, Full Gene Analysis In Process

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
53887 Result Summary 50397-9
53888 Result In Process
53889 Interpretation In Process
53890 Additional Information 48767-8
53891 Specimen 31208-2
53892 Source 31208-2
53893 Released by No LOINC Needed

Forms

1. Molecular Genetics: Biochemical Disorders Patient Information (T527) in Special Instructions

2. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Please document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. An Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576) is available in Special Instructions.

Mayo Medical Laboratories | Genetics and Pharmacogenomics Catalog Additional Information:

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